Test Yourself

Select true statements:

menopause occurs between 45 and 55 years (Y)

menarche is the moment of the first menses after childbirth (N)

ovaries form female gametes and female sex hormones (Y)

ovarian primordial follicles are also called Graafian follicles (N)


after ovulation oocyte is capable of fertilization for about one week (N)

luteinising hormone produced by the neurohypophysis is essential for ovulation (N)

corpus luteum forms only when there is a fertilized egg (N)

corpus luteum produces estrogens and progestogens (Y)


wall of the uterus consists of endometrium, myometrium and perimetrium (Y)

endometrial basal layer is completely shed during menstrual bleeding (N)

breast milk contains immunoglobulin A and immunoglobulin E (N)

sufficient concentration of estrogens is necessary for the development of female sexual characteristics (Y)


ovarian cycle consists of follicular, ovulatory and luteal phases (Y)

ovulatory phase is the longest phase of the ovarian cycle (N)

corpus luteum has a high activity during the follicular phase of the ovarian cycle (N)

ovarian cycle lasts approximately 28 days (Y)


menstrual bleeding is the first day of the menstrual (Y)

menstrual cycle has following phases: menstrual, proliferative , secretory and ischemic (Y)

course of the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle is influenced by estrogens (Y)

during the ischemic phase of the menstrual cycle, there is a significant arterial vasodilation in endometrium (N)


fertilization of egg occurs most frequently in uterine cavity (N)

typical implant site of egg is cervix (N)

human pregnancy lasts approximately 280 days (Y)

human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) produced by the corpus luteum is used to confirm pregnancy (N)


basal metabolic rate, heart frequency and estrogen levels are increased during pregnancy (Y)

childbirth is divided into four periods: opening, expulsion, delivery of placenta and postpartum (Y)

the second (expulsion) phase of labor is the longest phase of labor (N)

longitudinal lie breech presentation is the most common position of the fetus during labor (N)


erectile center is located in spinal segments S2-S4 (Y)

pudendal nerves form efferent part of erectile reflex (N)

vasoconstriction of helicine arteries facilitates erection (N)

limbic system facilitates erection through alpha motor neurons of the spinal cord (N)


erection is accompanied by an increased tone of the sympathetic part of the ANS (N)

priapism is a pathological state of persistent erection (Y)

ejaculation is caused by a sympathetic part of the ANS (Y)

ejaculatory center is located in spinal segments Th5-Th7 (N)